A Security Operations Center (SOC) is a centralized unit that deals with security issues on an organizational and technical level. A SOC within a building or facility is a central location from where staff supervises the site, using data processing technology . Typically , a SOC is equipped for access monitoring , and controlling of lighting, alarms, and vehicle barriers. In this there is an ISOC i.e, Information Security Operations Center is a dedicated site where enterprise information systems (web sites,databases,data centers and servers, networks, desktops) are monitored.
PLANNING THE SOC – Generally planning starts by assessing your existing security capabilities for people, processes, and technology. This approach allow us to establish a baseline that can be compared to the objectives for the future SOC. Basically the idea is to first establish business goals of the organization, so that anything developed will matter to the leadership sponsoring the SOC, which in turn will align with a business goal so that gaps can be prioritized for developing a plan to build the future SOC.
DESIGNING AND BUILDING THE SOC – Once our planning phase is complete, the next step is designing the SOC. The designing and building steps are almost inextricably linked, and technology selection is a major part of both phases for the future SOC.In this there is one important focus is how the SOC will collect data.Typically this task is done using a centralized data-collection tools such as a Security Information And Event Management (SIEM) solution, tools such as firewalls, content filters.
OPERATING THE SOC – Once the SOC is built, it is time to move into the operation phase, also known as the “GOLIVE” phase. It is important to validate that the SOC still has executive sponsorship.In many cases , a large gap of time passes between the initial signoff from leadership to build a SOC to the point when the SOC is actually ready to operate.For moving through each step from building to operating a SOC requires a well-managed transition plan.
REVIEWING THE SOC – Once the SOC has gone live, the final phase is reviewing how successfully the SOC is operating ,as well as identifying areas of improvement. Reviewing our SOC is not very different from reviewing any other critical and costly business function. The SOC should continue to work at improving Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for capabilities that align with business goals, in order to judge whether services are performing at expected levels.