A robot is a machine that gathers information about its environment (senses) and uses that information(thinks) to follow instructions and to do work(acts).A robot is an electro-mechanical or bio-mechanical device or group of devices that can perform a repetitive or preprogrammed tasks.A robot may act under the direct control of a human,such as the arm on a space shuttle, or under the control of a programmed computer.Robots may be used to perform tasks that are to dangerous or difficult for humans to do directly, such as radioactive waste clean-up.They may also be used to do repetitive tasks that could be performed by a robot,such as automobile production.Generally robots are being designed to perform precision surgery, explore space, the ocean, and other dangerous areas.There is endless variety in the size, shape and jobs of robots. Some robots are used day after day in factories, while others are highly experimental and use artificial intelligence to behave more and more like living creatures, able to act independently in changing environments.
Artificial Intelligence is a branch of Science, which deals with helping machines find solutions to complex problems in a more human like fashion.This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. AI is generally associated with Computer Science,but it has many important links with other fields such Math Psychology, Cognition Biology and Philosophy, among many others.Our ability to combine knowledge from all these fields will ultimately benefit our progress in the quest of creating an intelligent artificial being. The potential applications of Artificial Intelligence are endless. They stretch from the military for autonomous control and target identification, to the entertainment industry for computer games and robotic pets.Lets also not forget big establishments dealing with huge amounts of information such as hospitals,banks and insurance companies, who can use AI to predict customer behaviour and detect trends.
The intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it,the study and design of intelligent agents. The computational part of the ability to achieve goals in the world.If we can crate a computer that can outsmart humans in this obviously strategic,thinking-based game,then it would be a major milestone on the road to the intelligent computer.It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.Technology feasible to copy the brain directly into hardware and software, and that such a simulation will be essentially identical to the original.Artificial Intelligence researchers have developed several specialized programming languages for artificial intelligence which include IPL, Lisp, Prolog, STRIPS<planner,pop-11 etc.